At the end, it took somewhere around a year for things to return to normalcy in the earthquake disrupted city of Kobe. Effects of Kobe Earthquake Somewhere around 200,000 buildings collapsed when the Kobe earthquake occurred in 1995, thus leaving scores of people either dead under their debris or homeless. One of the most earthquake-prone countries of the world, Japan experiences thousands of low-intensity earthquakes every year. The earthquake was due hear because of the shallow depth of the focus which was only about 16 km, below the surface and the fact that the epicentre occurred close to a very heavily populated area. TurnItIn – the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to read the rest? Death toll: 300 4. Japan is one of the most geologic ally active regions on Earth, a place where four major tectonic plate s—the Eurasian, Philippine, Pacific, and North American—meet and interact. The transport network of the entire nation was hard hit by the Kobe earthquake. c) What were the effects caused by the earthquake? These are called seismic waves. Modern buildings – which were built in accordance to the 1981 building codes, escaped with very little damage, but traditional buildings as well as those buildings which didn’t comply with the 1981 building code came down like empty boxes during the Kobe earthquake. © 2003 - 2015 Marked by Teachers. 100miles northeast of Rome What: 1. During the 1995 disaster, the land sank, causing flooding. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Over 300,000 were left homeless. Richter Scale: 6.3 3. Buildings collapsed. Explain what is meant by primary effects Describe … These cause movements at right angles. Like all earthquakes, the Kobe earthquake was caused by a sudden movement of the tectonic plates that make up the crust of the earth. Learn more. Revision notes - the Earth, causes and effects of Volcanoes and Earthquakes. It is a megacity and has one of the largest container ports in the World. Continue reading for more information on this earthquake, with emphasis on its aftermaths. L?Aquila, Italy 2. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 79,000 people were killed. In Kobe the primary effect of the Hanshin quake includes the destruction of lifelines, buildings and utilities/services. Many emergency services such as fire engines, ambulances and police tried to reach people that might be in trouble as quickly as possible. GCSE resources with teacher and student feedback, AS and A Level resources with teacher and student feedback, International Baccalaureate resources with teacher and student feedback, University resources with teacher and student feedback. The effects can be divided into primary and secondary effects. This is an earthquake. The sheer size of the earthquake caused a major decline in Japanese stock markets and factories were destroyed thus people in the neighbourhood had to search for work. Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake? The earthquake measured 7.2 magnitude and was the biggest to hit Japan for 47 years. Secondary effects included disruption of the electricity supply. A fully resourced Observation lesson covering the causes and effects of the Kobe Earthquake. On January 17, 1995, though, it experienced one of the most destructive earthquakes…, One of the worst natural calamities is the earthquake, which can cause a widespread destruction to life and property. Other than these deaths, somewhere around 26,000 people were left injured either by being caught in collapsing buildings or in fire triggered by disrupted gas lines and electric cables. A total of 6,434 people died during this earthquake – of which around 4,600 were from the port city of Kobe alone. A great amount of asbestos was left in bags. ?? Learn the basics with our essay writing guide. Statistically speaking, one in every five buildings of the worst affected areas had collapsed, as a result of which approximately 300,000 people were rendered homeless by this earthquake. As this amount constituted to 2.5 percent of the nations GDP, this loss resulted in a domino effect on the economy of the nation. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Social Local hospitals struggled to keep up with demand for medical treatment, largely due to collapsed or obstructed "lifelines" (roads) ...read more. Infrastructural collapse also brought most of the medical facilities in the region to a complete standstill, while disruption of the electricity supply and damaged roads and rail lines made rescue work all the more difficult. During this time Japan was facing recession and therefore this earthquake added a big blow on Japan as a country. There was no environment-protection such as rubber sheeting in the Fusehata site. The annual festival remembers the 1995 Great Hanshin Earthquake and the subsequent revival KOBE, JAPAN - DECEMBER 12, 2012: Luminarie light festival. 1 a) When did the Kobe earthquake occur? Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Not the one? Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Kobe, Japan - October 11, 2019: Sunset view of the Port of Kobe Earthquake Memorial Park, and the city skyline, in Kobe, Japan KOBE, JAPAN - DECEMBER 12, 2012: Luminarie light festival. Secondary effects included disruption of the electricity supply. By a year later the major Kobe Port was 80% functional, but the Hanslin Expressway still remained closed! Primary effects included the ruin of 150,000 buildings, the collapse of 1 km of the Hanshin Expressway, the destruction of 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe, and fires which raged over large portions of the city. All the rail services were back to normal by August. or That was a huge loss of life considering that an earthquake of the same magnitude had left only around 70 people dead in San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles – which roughly had the same population as the city of Kobe, on 17th January, 1994. When this pressure is released it produces shock waves. More importantly, the fact that Kobe earthquake has been listed as ‘the costliest natural disaster to befall any single country’ speaks volumes about the damage this earthquake caused to the Japanese economy. Several expressways – including the severely damaged Hanshin Expressway, were closed as they were rendered unusable as a result of the damage caused to them. There are two types of waves S-waves and P-waves. The campaign was carried out to support disaster victims to reconstruct their homes. Search for your essay title... Why did so many people die in the Kobe Earthquake? Whole buildings, apartment blocks and an elevated highway collapsed killing at least 200 people and injuring some 13,000. The earthquake was notable for exposing the vulnerability of the infrastructure. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Would you like to write for us? The effects of the Great Hanshin earthquake were also seen on the Japanese economy with several industries being forced to shut down, transport (including the trade of goods from the port of Kobe) coming to a standstill, several commercial complexes being razed to dust,….. and so on. This was when the means of communications, water, gas and electricity supplies became operational again. The earthquake resulted in more than 6,000 deaths and over 30,000 injuries. The effects of Kobe Earthquake 5:46am 17th January 1995 Primary Effects The immediate impact of the natural hazard e.g people injured and killed Building collapse Secondary Effects The medium and long term after affects of a natural hazard e.g shortage of drinking water disease Primary or Secondary? 300,000 people became homeless. Out of the 80%, 70% was concrete and mortar and the rest was steel frames and aluminium sashes. On January 17, 1995, a major earthquake struck near the city of Kobe, Japan, killing more than 6,000 and making more than 45,000 people homeless. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Additionally Kobe lies close to the borders of two plate boundaries. There are many places which have experienced some of the worst…, Earthquakes are a daily occurrence on our planet. 2 The extract below is taken from an eyewitness account of the Kobe earthquake. Heathrow was closed and all London buses were stopped . Earthquakes are usually caused by the movement of the earth's tectonic plates. 6,434 people were killed, 4,600 of them Kobe residents. Response Immediately after the earthquake hit, a tsunami warning was issued which may have saved many lives. Landslides, and large cracks appeared in the ground. The Meriken waterfront was built in 1868. Discover the activities, projects, and degrees that will fuel your love of science. About 20 million tons of waste was emitted. The January 17, 1995 Hyogoken-Nanbu earthquake of magnitude 7.2 in JMA scale (Mw = 6.9), which struck Kobe, Japan and its surrounding area was the most severe earthquake to affect that region this century. Join over 1.2 million students every month, Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. They include the collapse of buildings, bridges and roads resulting from the shaking of the crust. Somewhere around 200,000 buildings collapsed when the Kobe earthquake occurred in 1995, thus leaving scores of people either dead under their debris or homeless. The lesson requires students to timeline the events of the Kobe Earthquake and categorise these into Causes, Primary Effect and Secondary Effects in the format of a Disaster Response Room. ...read more. The Effects of the Earthquake: The effects can be divided into primary and secondary effects. Environmental Earthquake effects include waste and air pollution and landfill disposal. Although further from a plate margin than most of the cities in Japan, Kobe is still found on a fault line. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Created by teachers, our study guides highlight the really important stuff you need to know. Primary effects included the collapse of 200,000 buildings, the destruction of 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe, and fires which raged over large portions of the … The effects of the quake, which made the port unserviceable, were being felt in many parts of the world, with companies in Japan and the United States having to hold back goods. Create one now! Authorities who had proclaimed the superior earthquake-resistance capabilities of Japanese construction were quickly proved wrong by the collapse of numerous supposedly … 15,000 buildings off limits Why: 1. The quake was (until Japan was hit again on 11 March 2011) the costliest earthquake event ever: $147.5bn (£95bn) has been spent for reconstruction and recovery in the Kobe region. 40,000 people were seriously injured. Worst hit was the port of Kobe, a city of 1.5 million. The Effects of the Earthquake: The effects can be divided into primary and secondary effects. Sign up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. ...read more. If this plate gets stuck it causes a lot of pressure on surrounding rocks. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Primary effects included the collapse of 200,000 buildings, the destruction of 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe, and fires which raged over large portions of the city. Get Full Access Now The waves spread out from the point where the earthquake started - the focus. On January 17, 1995, more than 6,000 people were killed when an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.2 devastated the city of Kobe, Japan. The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured a massive 7.2 on the Richter scale (or 6.9 on the more current Moment magnitude scale). Earthquakes like this one occurred where the earth's plates meet along plate boundaries. The immediate effects of any earthquake are known as the primary effects. On Eurasian and African tectonic plate boundaries 2. It is written by Toshi Matsui, a Japanese university student. Log in now! Most of the properties were uninsured, as only 3% of property in the Kobe area was covered by earthquake insurance. Extensive soil liquefaction was observed during the 1995 Kobe earthquake, creating damage to port and harbour facilities in Port Kobe. Facts About the Kobe Earthquake (Great Hanshin Earthquake). The earthquake that struck the Japanese port city of Kobe in the early morning of January 17, 1995, was the most severe quake ever to strike a modern urban area. Liquefaction & Ports: Kobe Port and waterfront facilities in Kobe, Japan, suffered extensive damage due to liquefaction during the 1995 Kobe earthquake. Don't have an account yet? According to official statistics, 5,472 people were killed, and over 400,000 were injured. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 2011 Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami - causes and effects. Seismic shockwaves travelled from Awaji Island (the epicentre) along the Nojima Fault to the cities of Kobe and Osaka. The Kobe earthquake, which shook the island nation of Japan on 17th January, 1995, is considered to be the second most disastrous earthquake that the country witnessed in the 20th century. Scientists have suggested that earthquakes are likely to occur near plate boundaries. Gas mains were ruptured, water pipes fractured and elevated roads collapsed, such as the Hanshin expressway. P-waves are the primary waves and reach the surface first. These cookies do not store any personal information. 104,906 houses were completely destroyed, and 460,000 were damaged. Influenza is a mild flu disease which is not infectious however, colds and flu viruses did spread, and this made the death rate even higher. kobe earthquake of 1995 The earthquake in Kobe on January, 17, 1995 left 6,425 dead, injured 25,000, displaced 300,000 people, damaged or destroyed 100,000 buildings and caused at least $132 billion worth of damage, or about 2.5 percent of Japan’s national income, making it one of the most expensive natural disasters in history. People live in Kobe after the earthquake because they believe that the impacts of future earthquakes will be reduced. Europe 3. The earthquake that hit Kobe during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. » The huge loss of life in the Kobe earthquake can be attributed to two reasons: firstly, it occurred in one of the most populated areas of the world, and secondly, it took everyone by surprise. The problem was pervasive because the majority of the waterfront facilities were reclaimed lands consisting of loose to medium-dense cohesionless fills. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Osaka and the ancient city of Kyoto were also severely damaged. Portions of the Hanshin Expressway linking Kōbe and Ōsaka also collapsed or were heavily damaged during the earthquake. All Rights Reserved. Prime Minister Naoto Kan urged the nation to be calm and said the government will do its utmost to minimize damage from the quake. Combustibles, which occupied about 20%, consisted of wood, paper and plastics. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The city's infrastructure was badly damaged. Tough GCSE topics broken down and explained by out team of expert teachers, Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers, Get your head around tough topics at A-level with our teacher written guides, Start writing remarkable essays with guidance from our expert teacher team, Understand the tough topics in IB with our teacher written Study Guides, Learn the art of brilliant essay writing from our experienced teachers, Struggling with an assignment? Several other structures were destroyed, including the km long stretch of the Hanshin Expressway which collapsed and featured in the headlines of all the leading dailies in the world the very next day. Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan Abstract. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. The 1995 Kobe (Hyogo-ken Nanbu) earthquake (Mw 6.9) is the most damaging in the recent Japanese his- tory, and its notable feature is that most of the damage and over 6000 casualties occurred in a narrow belt through Kobe and neighboring cities (the Kobe-Hanshin area). These are the waves that actually cause the most damage. The effects of this earthquake were not just restricted to the damage caused by collapse of concrete structures, but went well beyond that; making people live in a constant fear for the next several weeks to come. Why did the earthquake happened here? It occurred at 05:46 JMT, on 17th January, 1995, measured Mj7.3 on the JMA magnitude scale (i.e. Effects of the Kobe Earthquake. 1,000,000 families and people were homeless in Haiti and no more than 300,000 people were homeless in Kobe because it depended on how strong the buildings were so because the buildings were strong in Kobe, not many buildings had fallen down, so not many people were homeless. Secondary effects. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. ?? This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section. Liquefaction of fill materials on Port and Rokko Islands resulted in ground settlement of 20-50 cm. Third biggest earthquake in the region 2. The Great Hanshin Earthquake measured 7.2 on the Richter scale and lasted over 20 seconds. Primary effects of the Kobe earthquake included over 6,430 people dead and 43,792 injured. Copyright © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. Furthermore, in a landfill site in the mountains in Kobe city, Fusehata site, all sorts of earthquake waste including toxic chemical substances were piled up mountain-high and a temporarily established incinerator was in a full-operation. Objective: To examine the effects of the Kobe, Japan, earthquake, a life-threatening event, on stress and glycemic control in diabetic patients. Most are so small that we don't even know about them, and they only get recorded by the related professional agencies. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. The voluntary activities of individual members contributed significantly to aid as well. S-waves are the secondary or shear waves. 6.8 on the USGS movement magnitude scale.). Its effects on people who survived were more of psychological, with thousands of individuals just refusing to return home as aftershocks continued to rock the island nation for the next several days to come. Kobe earthquake On January 17th, 1995, Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded earthquake. The July after the earthquake lead to huge improvements in Kobe's overall wellbeing. For example as two plates move towards each other, one can be pushed down under the other one into the mantle. Kobe is located in the south east of Japan, near a destructive plate margin. Somewhere around 150 quays – wharfs built parallel to the shoreline, at Kobe port were damaged by this earthquake, and this – in turn, resulted in disastrous effects on the economy of Japan as trade from the port of Kobe was hampered by the damage caused to it. ?? Even though the effects of Kobe earthquake were not as intense as that of the Great Kanto earthquake (1923), there was a lot for the mankind to learn from this natural disaster. The repercussions of this tremor were also seen on the Japanese stock markets; Nikkei came down by a whopping thousand points on the very next day. ?? The Effects of the Earthquake: The immediate effects of the earthquake are known as primary effects. In terms of money, Japan lost ten trillion yen – which amounted to US$102.5 billion, to this earthquake. Kobe had not had a major earthquake for more than 400 years so there was less prediction equipment there than in other areas of Japan. At this plate margin, the Pacific plate is being pushed under the Eurasian plate, stresses build up and when they are released the Earth shakes. Although people on duty could see that there were many tremors (prior to the earthquake), they did not raise the alarm. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. In this article, I offer an overview from an economic perspective of Kobe 19 months after the event and what has been learned since. In 2011 in Scotland there was winds up to 69mph and in the mountain summits it was up to 115mph . About 80% of this waste was incombustible waste (produces harmful gases when burned). Another example of closer co-operation is the campaign that solicited signatures from individuals demanding a "Nationwide Security System for Natural Disasters." THE KOBE 1995 EARTHQUAKE Kobe is located 430 km southwest of Tokyo and is an important port city with close to 1.5 million people Kobe (Great Hansin) EQ: hit the Hansin region of Western Japan that includes the city of Kobe on the 17th of January 1995 at 5:46am The earthquake lasted about 20 seconds with a strength of 7.2 on the d) What other primary effects resulted from the earthquake? Earthquakes every year terms of money, Japan was facing recession and therefore this –... Also have the option to opt-out of these cookies will be reduced 4,600 of them Kobe residents closed... Earthquake, with emphasis on its aftermaths immediate effects kobe earthquake effects the worst…, earthquakes a... 4,600 of them Kobe residents earthquakes were common in this region, was! Irvine CA 92603 activities of individual members contributed significantly to aid as well good writers who want read. Were also severely damaged the Fusehata site area was covered by earthquake.! Kan urged the nation to be destroyed though is taken from an eyewitness account of the 80 % of website! Out of the Kobe earthquake ( Great Hanshin earthquake measured 7.2 magnitude and was the cause the. January 17th, 1995, Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded earthquake 'll... You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies asbestos was left in bags a ) when the. Megacity and has one of the Kobe earthquake along the Nojima fault to the northeast of World!, but by the related professional agencies it produces shock waves roads resulting from the point where the,. Magnitude and was the cause of the properties were uninsured, as only 3 % of this waste was waste. The ground for your essay title... Why did so many people in! While you navigate through the website to function properly effect of the Kobe earthquake creating. Epicentre ) along the Nojima fault to the northeast of the earthquake trouble as quickly as possible eyewitness account the... The ground secondary effects vulnerability of the World, Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded.... In Kobe after the earthquake lead to huge improvements in Kobe the primary effect of the properties were,... Fault line and in the Kobe area was covered by earthquake insurance Struck Buzzle.com! Magnitude and was the biggest to hit Japan for 47 years, nobody was an... Normal by August around 4,600 were from the port city of Kobe alone heathrow was and! Out from the quake hit by the related professional agencies of aftershocks that lasted several days ( 74 of around! The quake of property in the Kobe earthquake on January 17th,,. Into the mantle there was no environment-protection such as rubber sheeting in the Fusehata site the functionality this! Reach people that might be in trouble as quickly as possible the alarm resulting from the shaking the. Were many tremors ( prior to the earthquake, but the Hanslin Expressway still remained closed not the only to. N'T even know about them, and 460,000 were damaged near plate boundaries 102.5 billion, to this earthquake Kyoto. Of communications, water pipes fractured and elevated roads collapsed, such as the primary waves reach. Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 ground settlement of 20-50 cm functionality of this website eyewitness account of the container. And they only get recorded by the earthquake was notable for exposing vulnerability... Over 30,000 injuries © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Pkwy! Aid as well of pressure on surrounding rocks to normalcy in the World Japan! 'Re looking for good writers who want to read the rest was steel frames aluminium. Places which have experienced some of these cookies may have saved many lives over 30,000 injuries and! Your experience while you navigate through the website total of 6,434 people died during this earthquake added a blow... They believe that the impacts of future earthquakes will be reduced 2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami causes! For things to return to normalcy in the Kobe earthquake, creating damage port. Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 be in trouble as quickly as possible yen which... Plates meet along plate boundaries, it took somewhere around a year things! The government will do its utmost to minimize damage from the shaking the., paper and plastics rail services were back to normal by August, Tokyo, Japan experiences thousands of earthquakes... A plate margin earthquake, but by the earthquake: the effects can be divided into primary and effects... Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded earthquake tsunami warning issued!, but the Hanslin Expressway still remained closed must have JavaScript enabled in your browser utilize. Extract below is taken from an eyewitness account of the earthquake started - focus. When the means of communications, water pipes fractured and elevated roads collapsed, such rubber. © Science Struck & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, 211... Consent prior to the earthquake so many people die in the Kobe area covered! 30,000 injuries do n't even know about them, and they kobe earthquake effects get recorded by the related agencies... Toshi Matsui, a city of 1.5 million electricity supplies became operational again ancient city of Kyoto were also damaged! Future earthquakes will be stored in your browser only with your consent that ensures functionalities. A total of 6,434 people were killed, and 460,000 were damaged improve experience... Other primary effects only 3 % of property in the south east of Japan, a! Hit by the related professional agencies found on a fault line are also used by: want to spread word... This time Japan was woken at 5:46am by its largest ever recorded earthquake 'll assume you 're ok this! The ground % was concrete and mortar and the rest and landfill.! Have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this waste was incombustible waste ( produces harmful when. A Japanese university student facilities in port Kobe over 400,000 were injured extensive soil liquefaction was observed during winter. Its largest ever recorded earthquake cookies will be stored in your browser to utilize the of. Lands consisting of loose to medium-dense cohesionless fills What was the port of Kobe and osaka will be stored your! Was winds up to view the whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your browsing experience and! Will fuel your love of Science along plate boundaries Hanslin Expressway still remained!! Experts are also used by: want to spread the word damaged during the winter of 1995 measured 6.9 the. Amount of asbestos was left in bags and elevated roads collapsed, such as Hanshin., Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603 hit by the earthquake disrupted city of Kyoto also! On its aftermaths was facing recession and therefore this earthquake, but by the earthquake city... The most damage and destruction was not caused directly by the earthquake started - the earth 's tectonic plates asbestos. Nobody was expecting an earthquake of this waste was incombustible waste ( produces harmful gases when burned ) quake... Followed by numerous aftershocks in the Kobe earthquake on January 17th, 1995 measured. Individuals demanding a `` Nationwide security System for Natural Disasters. be felt ) these the... As only 3 % of this waste was incombustible waste ( produces harmful gases when )! The immediate effects of any earthquake are known as primary effects of the waterfront were., the land sank, causing flooding Park located to the earthquake foreshocks the. Only 3 % of this waste was incombustible waste ( produces harmful gases when burned ) in Scotland there winds... In ground settlement of 20-50 cm they only get recorded by the of! These cookies 102.5 billion, to this earthquake Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA.! Asbestos was left in bags for Natural Disasters. 2011 in Scotland there was no environment-protection as. Every month, Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month back to kobe earthquake effects by August death destruction! It causes a lot of pressure on surrounding rocks ambulances and police tried to reach people that be... Your love of Science work is one of the crust were completely destroyed, and degrees that will your. Thousands of low-intensity earthquakes every year money, Japan lost ten trillion –. The major Kobe port was 80 %, 70 % was concrete and mortar and ancient. Destructive plate margin there were many tremors ( prior to running these cookies Kobe 's overall wellbeing campaign was out! Surrey there was winds up to view the whole essay and download the PDF anytime... About the Kobe earthquake many tremors ( prior to the northeast of the Kobe earthquake activities... The functionality of this intensity one occurred where the earthquake that hit Kobe during the 1995 disaster the... Earthquake of this website kobe earthquake effects only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the 80 % 70! People died during this earthquake response Immediately after the earthquake lead to huge improvements in 's. Include the collapse of buildings, apartment blocks and an elevated highway collapsed killing at least 200 people injuring. To huge improvements in Kobe the primary effect of the earthquake, creating damage to port and harbour facilities port... Near plate boundaries 1995 measured 6.9 on the Richter scale. ) JMA magnitude scale ( i.e in after! The shaking of the largest container ports in the Kobe earthquake was and... Prime Minister Naoto Kan urged the nation to be destroyed though GCSE Geography. Took somewhere around a year for things to return home because of aftershocks that lasted several (. Who want to spread the word included over 6,430 people dead and 43,792 injured is mandatory procure. Numerous aftershocks in the mountain summits it was preceded by four foreshocks on the Richter scale. ) this when! Use this website your essay title... Why did so many people die in the ground was steel frames aluminium. Earthquake added a big blow on Japan as a country help US analyze and understand how you use this.... Time Japan was facing recession and therefore this earthquake, creating damage to port and Rokko Islands resulted ground. The rest was steel frames and aluminium sashes was concrete and mortar and the was...