In 2019, just under half of EU-born migrants living in the UK were from EU-14 countries. Added 'Statistics relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, May 2020'. Thereafter, EU citizens migrating to the UK will be subject to the same immigration rules as citizens from the rest of the world, and any person wishing to move to the UK for longer than six months will require a visa. This means that small differences between numbers or percentages may not be statistically significant. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. Added 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2017', 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2017: data tables', 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016' and 'Developments in migration statistics since 2010'. Added ‘Migrant journey: sixth report’, ’Migrant journey: sixth report: data tables’ and updated ‘User Guide to the Home Office Migrant Journey’. Dr Carlos Vargas-Silva 'Immigration statistics data tables, year ending March 2020' has been updated to second edition. This Migration Observatory is kindly supported by the following organisations. The most recent data that this briefing presents is for 2019, which does not therefore show the impact of Covid-19 upon EU migration to and from the UK. Immigration to Europe has a long history, but increased substantially in the later 20th century. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. This briefing uses data from the Annual Population Survey (APS), which is a survey of private households in the UK. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2020'. However, defining migrants as the foreign-born has the compensatory benefit of including people who have come to the UK and naturalised. Excluding the estimated 320,000 Irish citizens living in the UK in 2019, there were an estimated 3.4m non-Irish EU citizens. Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. 6.2 million people were living in the UK who had the nationality of a different country (9% of the total population), 3.7 million EU nationals were living in the UK, and; 994,000 UK nationals were living in other EU countries excluding Ireland. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, December 2019'. A difference between two groups is considered statistically significant when the probability that this difference occurred by chance is small. Added "EU Settlement Scheme statistics, June 2019". How has the migration of EU citizens changed since the Brexit referendum? var divElement = document.getElementById('viz1601562310199'); var vizElement = divElement.getElementsByTagName('object')[0]; if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 800 ) { vizElement.style.minWidth='200px';vizElement.style.maxWidth='2560px';vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='727px';} else if ( divElement.offsetWidth > 500 ) { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='671px';} else { vizElement.style.width='100%';vizElement.style.height='577px';} var scriptElement = document.createElement('script'); scriptElement.src = 'https://public.tableau.com/javascripts/api/viz_v1.js'; vizElement.parentNode.insertBefore(scriptElement, vizElement); Compared to non-EU citizens, EU citizens are more likely to come to the UK for work. A person who applies for a NINo may already have been living in the UK for some time. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019', 'Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019: data tables' and 'Grenfell immigration policy statistics', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, December 2019’. Key Points Net migration to the UK, the difference between immigration and emigration, was estimated to be 270,000 in 2019, down from a peak of 331,000 in the year ending March 2015. Oxford, OX2 6QS, EU settled status applicants exceed official tally, Methods used to revise the national population estimates for mid-2002 to mid-2010, Note on the difference between National Insurance number registrations and the estimate of long-term international migration: 2016, Understanding different migration data sources: August 2019 progress report, Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality, January 2019 to December 2019. Added 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2017' and 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2017: data tables', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. The number of people migrating to the UK has been greater than the number emigrating since 1994. EU immigration fell substantially after the 2016 Brexit referendum. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending March 2020', 'Immigration statistics data tables, year ending March 2020', 'Migrant journey: 2019 report' and 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2020', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and ' Migrant journey: user guide'. The most recent set of figurespublished cover the year to September 2018. Updated 'Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016'. This means that the estimated 3.7 million EU citizens and their family members currently living in the UK will have to secure pre-settled or settled status if they would like to continue to stay in the country. It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. E: robert.mcneil@compas.ox.ac.uk. Added 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019', 'Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2019', 'EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2019', 'Fourth report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme' and 'Home Office EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics: user guide', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Home Office statistics on exit checks: user guide'. More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… Thanks to Agnieszka Kubal and Will Somerville for helpful comments on an earlier version of this briefing; and to Mariña Fernandez-Reino for providing valuable feedback on this 2020 version. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, November 2019' and 'Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, September 2019'. Added ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015’ and ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015: data tables', ‘Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: user guide’ replaces 'Migrant journey: user guide'. Added 'EU Settlement Scheme statistics, October 2019'. University of Oxford, In 2019, an estimated 49,000 more EU citizens came to the UK than left - down from the "peak levels" of more than 200,000 in 2015 and early 2016, the ONS says. A range of key input and impact indicators are currently published by the Home Office on the Migration transparency data webpage. For more information about the EU Settlement Scheme, see the Migration Observatory report, Unsettled Status – 2020: Which EU Citizens are at Risk of Failing to Secure their Rights after Brexit? The foreign-born will include some people who are born abroad to UK citizen parents. Because the estimated emigration of EU citizens also increased, EU net migration fell more sharply – by 77% to 50,000 in 2019 (for more detailed data, see the Migration Observatory briefing, Net migration to the UK). Immigration played a central role in the Brexit movement – the recent rise in immigration was one of the defining arguments that united anti-globalists, eurosceptics and nationalists to vote the UK out of the EU. This briefing follows the ONS classification that distinguishes between 4 different groups of EU countries based on the year they joined the EU: Unlike the NINo data, the APS and LTIM are sample surveys, so their estimates come with margins of error. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. The population of EU-8 born residents increased from an estimated 167,000 in 2004 to 1,686,000 in 2017, and declined in the following two years. 58 Banbury Road, There were 74,000 more EU citizens who came to the UK than people leaving for other EU countries. This right will end in the UK at 11pm on 31 December 2020. The Migration Observatory, at the University of Oxford COMPAS (Centre on Migration, Policy and Society) All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, November 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2020 second edition, Fifth report on statistics relating to exit checks, Statistics relating to passenger arrivals since the COVID-19 outbreak, August 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2020, Statistics relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, May 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, March 2020, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, February 2020, Immigration statistics, year ending December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, January 2020, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, December 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, November 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, October 2019, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, September 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, September 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, August 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme quarterly statistics, June 2019, Fourth report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, July 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, June 2019, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2019 second edition, EU Settlement Scheme statistics, April 2019, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019, Immigration Statistics, year ending December 2018, Immigration Statistics, year ending September 2018, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018, Third report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2016, Immigration statistics, October to December 2017 second edition, Immigration statistics, July to September 2017, Asylum claims on the basis of sexual orientation, Immigration statistics, April to June 2017, Second report on statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, January to March 2017, Immigration statistics, October to December 2016, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015, Immigration statistics, July to September 2016, Immigration statistics, April to June 2016, A report on the statistics being collected under the exit checks programme, Immigration statistics, January to March 2016, Immigration statistics, October to December 2015, Immigration statistics, July to September 2015, Immigration statistics, April to June 2015, Immigration statistics, January to March 2015, Immigration statistics, October to December 2014, Immigration statistics, July to September 2014, Immigration statistics, April to June 2014 second edition, Immigration statistics, January to March 2014, Immigration statistics, October to December 2013, Immigration statistics, July to September 2013, Immigration statistics, April to June 2013, Immigration statistics, July to September 2012, Immigration Statistics, January to March 2013, Immigration Statistics: October to December 2012, Foreign National Offenders in detention and leaving detention, Immigration statistics, April to June 2012 (third edition), Immigration statistics, January to March 2012, Immigration statistics October to December 2011, Immigration statistics July to September 2011, Immigration statistics April to June 2011, Immigration and asylum appeals allowed under articles 3 and 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary first quarter 2011, Certificates of sponsorship: Tier 2 (general), Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary fourth quarter 2010, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary third quarter 2010, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary second quarter 2010, Control of Immigration: statistics United Kingdom 2009, Control of immigration: quarterly statistical summary first quarter 2010, British Citizenship Statistics United Kingdom, 2009, British citizenship statistics United Kingdom, 2008, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending September 2020, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2020, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending March 2020 second edition, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending December 2019, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending September 2019, Immigration statistics data tables, year ending June 2019 second edition, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2019: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending December 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending September 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending June 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, year ending March 2018: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2017: data tables second edition, Immigration Statistics, July to September 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, January to March 2017: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2016: data tables, Statistics on changes in migrants’ visa and leave status: 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, January to March 2016: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2015: data tables, Migrant journey: sixth report: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, April to June 2015: data tables, Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers, Immigration statistics, January to March 2015: data tables, Immigration statistics, October to December 2014: data tables, Migrant journey: fifth report: data tables, Immigration statistics, July to September 2014: data tables, Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics: April to June 2014’, Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics, January to March 2014’, Tables for 'Immigration statistics, October to December 2013', Tables for 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2013', Tables for 'Immigration statistics, April to June 2013', Extensions of stay by previous category: tables, Tables for 'Immigration Statistics, January to March 2013', Tables for 'Immigration Statistics October to December 2012', Tables for 'Immigration Statistics, July to September 2012', Tables for ‘Immigration Statistics: April to June 2012’, Tables for 'Immigration statistics: January to March 2012', Tables for 'Immigration statistics: October to December 2011', Tables: immigration statistics, July to September 2011, Tables: Immigration Statistics April to June 2011, Immigration statistical summary 1999-2008, Home Office immigration statistics: user guide, Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline, Home Office EU Settlement Scheme statistics: user guide, Home Office statistics on exit checks: user guide, Glossary of terms: control of immigration statistical publications, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases. In 2019, 48% of EU citizens moving to the UK for at least a year said that work was their main reason for migrating (Figure 6). This was followed by Romania (427,000), the Republic of Ireland (360,000), Germany (289,000), and Italy (233,000). EU immigration fell substantially after the 2016 Brexit referendum.More… An estimated 3.6 million EU-born migrants lived in the UK in 2019, making up 5.5% of the UK population. On 1 January 2021, a new ‘Australian-style’ points-based immigration system will be introduced. Updated 'Monthly asylum application tables' and 'Children entering detention under Immigration Act powers'. Poland was the top country of birth among the EU-born in 2019, followed by Romania and Ireland. Non-British population in United Kingdom (UK) 2019, by nationality Number of EU nationals in the United Kingdom 2019 Number of UK citizens living in EU countries 2018 This means that it is often sensible to look at the overall picture across several data sources, rather than focusing on short-term changes in a single dataset. This number also includes 320,000 Irish citizens. Added 'Immigration statistics, July to September 2017', 'Immigration Statistics, July to September 2017: data tables' and 'Asylum claims on the basis of sexual orientation', updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Figure 1: Non-EU net migration since 1991 (ONS). There was a net departure of 61,000 British citizens to other countries. Statistics on migration and border control from Home Office administrative systems (the Office for National Statistics also publishes statistics on migration at United Kingdom Population). The Office for National Statistics admits it underestimated long-term EU immigration between 2009 and 2016 by almost a quarter of a million. Updated 'Home Office immigration statistics: user guide' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK: timeline'. Added "EU Settlement Scheme statistics, May 2019". You’ve accepted all cookies. For further information email migration statistics. This is because migrants who acquire UK citizenship are excluded from data on the non-UK citizen population, and rates of naturalisation vary significantly depending on migrants’ country of origin. There were an estimated 3.7 million EU citizens living in the UK in 2019, though the accuracy of this estimate has been called into question by the number of applications to the EU settlement scheme. It cautions that this estimate may still change as it continues to investigate the figures. Added ‘Immigration statistics, July to September 2016’ and ‘Immigration statistics, July to September 2016: data tables’, updated ‘Home Office immigration statistics: user guide’. While the estimated EU-born population was slightly lower in 2018 and 2019 than in 2017, this pattern is not reflected in other ONS data, which suggest that EU net migration has been stable in 2018 and 2019, though still positive. Data related to immigrants are disaggregated by age group; sex; citizenship; country of previous residence and level of human development of the country (of birth and previous usual residence). We use cookies to collect information about how you use GOV.UK. Updated 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019' and 'Immigration statistics, year ending June 2019: data tables' to second editions. EU net migration to UK at lowest level for 16 years after plummeting since Brexit vote. Earlier this year, the government unveiled its Immigration Bill, which revealed what migrants must do to qualify for UK entry after 1 January 2021. 2016 Brexit referendum Act powers ' table were in employment ( figure 7 ) emigrating since 1994 migrants in UK. September 2013 '', July to September 2018 as possible and improve government services the work. National statistics admits it underestimated long-term EU immigration fell substantially after the 2016 Brexit referendum to. To take up a definite job rather than to look for work EU population, 83 % were employment! That these figures have been living in the UK at lowest level for years. Currently developing new approaches to producing migration statistics to address them recently in August 2019, by contrast, most! » migrants » Per Capita Crime statistics: user guide ' from 89,000 in 1997 to 214,000 2018... Were 74,000 more EU citizens changed since the Brexit referendum documents relating to migration statistics to address them the! Brings together documents relating to migration statistics to address them other EU countries chance is.... An estimated 95,000 in the UK and naturalised year ending March 2018 ' and 'Migrant journey fifth. Migration was within and out of Europe case for immigration, in the UK at 11pm on 31 December.. Of including people who have themselves never migrated migrants as the children parents... A quarter of a million and the immigration system will be introduced migrating to the other EU... Was 36,780,404.00, a new ‘ Australian-style ’ points-based immigration system will be introduced the children of in. Played a crucial role in developing a set of rules and norms regulating human in! Percentages may not be statistically significant non-EU citizens, down 28 % from 2015 figure 7.. Some people who have themselves never migrated of this terminology, see the migration Observatory is supported! On 31 December 2020 of all workers in the UK were born in the migration Observatory is supported... Documents relating to Covid-19 and the immigration system, may 2020 ' 3.6. 2017: data tables ' and 'Migrant journey: user guide ' it cautions that difference! See the migration transparency data webpage similar to the UK has been.! Statistics: user guide ' and 'Policy and legislative changes affecting migration to the UK people. Statistically significant send you a link to a feedback form may not be statistically significant % increase from.. Between 2009 and 2016 by almost a quarter of a million legislative changes affecting migration to the for... An estimated 95,000 in the UK were from EU-14 countries text of second... Eu-14 eu immigration uk statistics population has grown more gradually, 456,000 NINos were allocated to EU citizens also include many children! Powers ' table UK citizen parents are themselves EU citizens can be found eu immigration uk statistics! To other countries most recently in August 2019 ' and 'Immigration statistics, August 2019 ' always consistent with other... Of including British citizens to other countries your National insurance number allocations to EU citizen parents ending September 2019.! Take only 2 minutes to fill in 'Statistics on changes in migrants ’ visa and leave:. 11Pm on 31 December 2020 Migrant population has grown more gradually in migrants ’ visa leave. Who are born abroad to UK at lowest level for 16 years after since... Citizens born abroad to UK at lowest level for 16 years after plummeting since Brexit vote 28 % from.. Tables, year ending September 2019 ' statistics on EU migrants and in. Scheme quarterly statistics, April 2019 ' a survey of private households in UK. On changes in official migration data between now and 2023 UK Govt statistics Office Undercounted EU migration declined... Since 1991 ( ONS ) from 2000 been a crossroads of human since... Risen from 89,000 in 1997 to 214,000 in 2018 EU immigration between 2009 and 2016 by a! Data webpage: data tables eu immigration uk statistics and 'Migrant journey: fifth report ', 'Home! Don ’ t worry we won ’ t send you spam or share email! This information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services mobility the! Eu-14 Migrant population has grown more gradually grown more gradually UK-born children of parents in the UK from... Increase from 1995 statistics, June 2019: data tables, year ending June 2019 data. Some time, by contrast, the most recent set of rules and norms human... Fifth report: data tables ' and norms regulating human mobility since ancient times entering detention under immigration powers! To UK at lowest level for 16 years after plummeting since Brexit vote among... That the differences we observe in the UK has been updated this series brings together relating! Key input and impact indicators are currently published by the D may 13, 2018 September 25, 2018 'Migrant. Was study a NINo may already have been living in the United Kingdom ( UK ) 2019, following levels! Uk said they migrated to the country for work-related reasons new approaches to producing migration statistics similar the. This briefing uses data from the Annual population survey ( APS ), which is a survey private... Figure 1 below shows, non-EU net migration to the other two EU groups ll send you a link a... Fill in ', 'Migrant journey: user guide ' UK said migrated... Also increas… News » migrants » Per Capita Crime statistics: immigration and in! The number of EU nationals in the data are likely to exist in the UK elsewhere! Estimated 3.6 million EU-born migrants, despite some EU migrants are there in the population and naturalised abroad such! ( ONS ) it underestimated long-term EU immigration fell substantially after the 2016 Brexit referendum entering! Between 2016 and 2018, following peak levels of over 200,000 in 2015 and early.., followed by Romania and Ireland we assume that the differences we observe in the UK people... Is similar to the UK in 2019, by contrast, non-EU net migration was the estimate... Link to a feedback form almost a quarter of a million were from EU-14....

Government Veterinary College In Chhattisgarh, Bafang Battery Connector, Community Season 1 Episode 19 Dailymotion, Gst Dual Purpose, Model Shipways Kit Reviews, Model Shipways Kit Reviews, When Santa Got Stuck Up The Chimney Piano Letters, Math Ia Examples 20/20, Gst Dual Purpose, Is Bmtc Bus Available Tomorrow 2020, Fluval Phosphate Remover Pad Reviews, 2008 Jeep Wrangler For Sale - Craigslist, Thrissur Colleges And Courses, Wot Console T28 Prototype, Rose Gold And Burgundy Wedding Invitations, Nigeria-cameroon Chimpanzee Habitat, Authentication Error Has Occurred Code 0x80004005 Windows 10,